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Legal Writing: Structuring a Better Legal Memorandum or Opinion

論文作者:英語論文論文屬性:留學文書登出時間:2010-04-21編輯:steelbeezxp點擊率:6907

論文字數:300論文編號:org201004211023562436語種:英語論文 English地區:中國價格:免費論文

關鍵詞:Legal WritingStructuringLegal MemorandumOpinion

Legal Writing: Structuring a Better Legal Memorandum or Opinion

In writing a letter to a client, a legal opinion, or a memorandum of law, lawyers
will habitually deal with issues in the order they recall them instead of presenting
the ideas in a logical pattern that helps the reader to grasp the argument. You
should consider how the issues fit together so you can present them in a way that
they hang together and present a coherent image. You should also use the
organization, the lay-out, and the logic tools that make the information usable for
lawyer or client.

Purpose
In addition, the purpose of any writing should guide its organization and content.
Legal memorandum have differing purposes in different situations. You have to
decide whether the memorandum you are writing is needed for help to:
• decide whether to take a case
• advise a client
• draft a pleading
• prepare for trial
Giving thought to your purpose, your reader's needs, and the constraints on both
of you will help you to focus and organize your message.
Reader’s Logic
Communications research has proven that readers approach a document with
preconceived ideas about the subject or the writer. General readers approach the
letters with prejudices about the facts, based on prior experience or private
interest.留學作業代寫網提供代寫留學生作業
A letter or memo needs a summary answer near the beginning to disabuse the
reader of the preconceived opinion, so that they are receptive to the truth of the
facts and law. Otherwise, a reader assimilates the information by predicting how it
fits into their pre-existing framework of belief. And then they are dazed or
confused by your conclusions at the end of the letter.
A meaningful introductory paragraph makes them set aside their preconceptions
and primes them for acceptance of your ideas.

Organization
I want to share with you one area of concern that has arisen from my reviews of
associates’ letter opinions. There is a systemic problem which is that the law firm
seldom has a common organizational structure for letter opinions. Every associate
adopts a different pattern and individual associates change their patterns in
different letters.
In this situation, both partners and clients have difficulty with the letters. Without
a consistent organizational pattern, the reader never knows where to expect a
particular type of information nor when to conclude that it is missing.
Predictability and consistency in the readers’ eyes are very important to effective
and quality writing.
The real parts
There are functional parts to a document that most legal writers forget about. The
reader of a document or letter of more than 3 pages will benefit from a miniature
table of contents -- a listing of topic headings. A shorter letter needs an
introductory paragraph that lets your reader know what is ahead and puts forward
your position or conclusions in the affirmative. Write a summary introduction or
preview paragraph.
Give an overview at the end that refines your whole message. A closing
paragraph should clearly state or summarize what the reader is to do or what the
writer will be doing next.
Most writers will be comfortable beginning their writing in the middle of the
document, where the substance is worked out. Then they can finish the project by
writing the summary 論文英語論文網提供整理,提供論文代寫,英語論文代寫,代寫論文,代寫英語論文,代寫留學生論文,代寫英文論文,留學生論文代寫相關核心關鍵詞搜索。

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